The Institute for Energy Research is a not-for-profit organization that conducts intensive research and analysis on the functions, operations, and government regulation of global energy markets.

About IER

Michigan Renewable Electricity Mandate Status

Download Michigan’s renewable electricity PDF

Renewable Mandate Status: On Track

  • 2008 Qualified Renewable Generation: 3%[i]
  • 2008 Renewable Mandate: 3.5%
  • 2020 Renewable Mandate: 22.1%

Eligible Resources: two classes

  • Class I (New Resources): 15% by 2020 plus 1% each year thereafter. Eligible Class I resources: photovoltaics, solar, wind, wave/tidal, fuel cells utilizing renewable fuels, landfill gas, certain new hydroelectric facilities or incremental energy from efficiency improvements at existing hydroelectric facilities, low-emission biomass, marine or hydrokinetic energy, and geothermal[ii]
  • Class II (Existing Resources): 7.1% in 2009 and thereafter (3.6% renewables and 3.5% waste-to-energy)

Class I compliance schedule:[iii]

[table id=15 /]

Renewable Portfolio History: Original legislation in 1997 created framework for RPS. Massachusetts Dept. of Energy Resources (DOER) adopted RPS regulations in April 2002, requiring all retail electricity providers to reach 1% by 2003 and 4% by 2009. These regulations were expanded in July 2008 (S.B. 2768) to create separate renewable standards (Class I and Class II). S.B. 2768 in June 2008 required the DOER to establish an alternative energy portfolio standard (APS) requiring all retail electricity suppliers to provide a minimum percentage of kWh sales to end-use customers in Massachusetts from alternative generating sources (1% in 2009 increasing to 5% by 2020). S.B. 2768 also set up two state-wide goals: (1) meeting 25% of the state’s 2020 electric load (capacity and energy generation) with demand-side resources and (2) meeting 20% of the state’s 2020 electric load with new renewable and alternative energy generation.[iv]

Credit Trading: Yes

Noncompliance penalty: Retail suppliers can pay an alternative compliance payment of $60.93 per MWh for Class I renewables, $25 per MWh for Class II renewables, $10 per MWh for Class II Waste Energy, and $600 per MWh for the solar carve out.[v]

Electricity Price Ranking: 16th Highest[vi]

  • 14.52 cents/KWh in Massachusetts
  • 7.67 cents/KWh in non-mandated states

[i] Mass. Ann. RPS Compliance Rep. – 2007 (Nov. 24, 2008),

[ii] 225 Code of Mass. Reg. 14.05-07 (Jan. 8, 2010),

[iii] 225 Code of Mass. Reg. 14.07 (Jan. 8, 2010),

[iv] Database of state Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, Massachusetts,

[v]Massachusetts Energy and Environmental Affairs, Alternative Compliance Payment Rates,

[vi] EIA, Electric Power Monthly, Table 5.6.B., Average Retail Price of Electricity, June 2010, Released Sept. 15, 2010,

Back to top

cheap valentino cheap michael kors cheap valentino cheap moncler cheap gucci> cheap moncler cheap barbour cheap barbour